An important component of the Georgian Railway infrastructure is the rail routes, the main characteristics of which are:
• Total length of rails: 1.992 km
 Length of main rails: 1441.66 km
 Length of single-rail districts: 850 km
 Length of double-rail districts: 294.84
 Length of station rails: 563.16 km
 Length of approaching rails: 79.17 km

• Number of switch point levers: 2.004
• Number of protected passes: 50
• Number of unprotected passes: 160
• Number of tunnels: 32
• Number of other man-made constructions: 1.377
 Number of railway bridges: 1.298

The Georgian railway is almost fully electrified. The main characteristics of the electric supply are:
• Exploitation length of electrified railway: 1108 km
• Straight line of electrified railway: 1958 km
• 90% of the entire route is electrified
• 40 transformer stations
• Air lines with an exploitation length of 854 km
• Electric supply to the infrastructure is provided by 53 electrical substations of high voltage, including 26 substations of high voltage.
Safety of Georgian Railway train movement is supported by the signalization, centralization and blocking department with the following main characteristics:
• The main direction stations are equipped with electrical centralization
• Double-rail districts are equipped with auto-blocking capacity – Tbilisi knot: Gori
• A 1039 km line with semi-automatic blocking capacity
• Train radio connection spread to the rails: 1090 km
• Different types of radio stations used: 760 units
• 74 stations equipped with electrical centralization
• Number of electrified switch points: 1345 units
• Different kinds of traffic light used: 2172 units
• Automated railway passes: 46 units
• Control equipment of mobile carriages: 25 units.

The telecommunication service of Georgian Railway is provided by the Information and Telecommunication Technology Agency (communication operator), the main characteristics of which are:
• Length of the magisterial optical-fibrous cable: 610 km
• Length of the local optical-fibrous cable: over 80 km
• Digital automated telephone stations: 17 units
• Station telecommunication equipment: 70 units
• Number of subscribers: up to 4000
• Used technologies: classical digital telephones, IP telephones, data transfer networks – both TCP/IP and STM protocol
• Online video monitoring